Slowing Progression of Myopia

Slowing Progression of Myopia

Myopia or short-sightedness (minus number) is a big public health problem and is likely to affect a huge proportion of the world’s population in the next 25 – 30 years. The problem occurs because of an increase in the size of the eyeball. As the child grows so does the eyeball and this leads to an increase in myopia.

This condition is sometimes ascribed to positive family history or a lifestyle involving too many near activities. As this condition worsens as the child grows, this can cause future health problems for the child. Newer research has improved our understanding of the condition and is helping us manage these children better and offer the following solutions to retard the progression of myopia.

Playing outdoors

Times have changed and children now spend a lot of time indoors in homes and classrooms. When possible, they should plan more outdoor activities. Most children spend more than 2 hours per day using digital gadgets. Increased outdoor activity can retard the onset of myopia by nearly 25 %. When children spend more time outside, they are likely to exert less strain for near-vision activities. Vitamin D formation increases when the child is outside.

A group of young people playing football on a field Description automatically generated

Reducing digital gadgets usage

Lifestyle has been attributed to causing a major increase in myopia. Most children spend a lot of time on mobile and i-pads and of course television. This has been proven to lead to an increase in myopia. Limiting the number of hours on electronic gadgets should be stressed in the life of children.